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  • GIS based information system prepared for coral reefs and mangroves are useful management of these habitats
  • Oil spill model developed for Gulf of Kachchh is useful for predicting the movement of oil spills in the event of accidents
  • Shoreline Management Plans for Ennore, Munnambum to Kayamkulam and Tidal inlet management plans for Netravathi estuary (Mangalore) and Vellar estuary (Tamil Nadu) developed. Plans contain solutions to solve the erosion / accretion problems.
  • Designing of shore protection measures for protection of the coastal areas against erosion at Panathura
  • Concept of application of ecosystem modeling demonstrated to facilitate better management of the ecosystem demonstrated in a limited area in Kochi backwaters and Chilka lake.
  • Advantages of increasing tidal amplitude to enhance productivity demonstrated in Vedaranyam lagoon
  • Completion of determination of seawater quality criteria for heavy metals such as copper, cadmium and mercury
  • Seawater quality based zonation of coastal areas for 10 locations along the coastal areas of the country.
  • Conducting training programmes on application of scientific tools and techniques like GIS, Remote Sensing and mathematical modelling for the management of critical habitats, Coastal Zone Management and Shoreline Management.

Utilisation of Results by Coastal States


Periodical interaction between the ICMAM Project Directorate and the Coastal States are held to facilitate utilization of the results generated under the ICMAM programmes. A few examples of utilization of results are:


1. Govt of Gujarat has been using the ICMAM Plan developed for Gulf of Kachchh for permitting industrial projects in areas recommended in the plan.


2. Govt of Tamilnadu has been using the Coral reef maps prepared using GIS for management of Marine Biosphere Reserve of Gulf of Mannar. Technical officers of the State have been trained in preparation and utilization of such maps


3. The oil spill model for Gulf of Kachchh developed as a part of the plan has been made available to predict movement of oil in the event of oil spills.


4. Suraj Municipality has taken note of output of mathematical modeling on waste assimilative capacity ie., 10% excess of release of sewage into Tapi estuary compared to assimilative capacity of adjoining coastal waters and assured strategies to minimize release of sewage in Tapi river


5. Govt of Tamilnadu has formulated sewage treatment/disposal strategy in order to implement the suggestion to reduce bacterial load in sea off Chennai, under the ICMAM Plan for Chennai


6. The Shoreline Management Plan for Ennore coast prepared based on mathematical models and recommended 4 options for mitigating coastal erosion north of Ennore coast. The plan has been accepted by the Ennore Port Trust for implementation.


7. The 10 groins suggested to minimize erosion at Panathura, near Trivandrum and construction of 2 groins initially has been accepted by Govt of Kerala and an implementation strategy has already been worked out.


8. Govt of Karnataka has assured implementation of Shoreline Management Plan suggesting interventions to prevent erosion at Ullal near Mangalore and recently, the Central Water Commission has taken up the project for exploring funding from the Asian Development Bank.


9. The Govt of Kerala has accepted to implement Shoreline Management Plan prepared for Munambam to Kayamkulam especially the priority segment namely Kayamkulam inlet

10. The Central Pollution Control Board has already agreed to adopt the Seawater quality criteria determined for cadmium, copper and mercury using modern bioassay experiments

11. About 250 State Government Technical personnel have been trained so far on scientific tools and techniques to assess erosion, pollution, land use changes etc.


12. ICMAM programme has developed specialized manpower on mathematical modeling not only at ICMAM PD, but also at institutions such as Centre for Earth Sciences Studies, Trivandrum, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Andhra University. These institutions can cater to the need of concerned states in coastal zone management activities esp. to solve erosion and assess pollution


13. Recognising the expertise available at ICMAM Project Directorate, the Govt of Orissa has engaged the services of the Directorate to prepare Detailed Project Report for Coastal Zone management of Orissa for funding by the World Bank.